You want your avian friend to be as happy and healthy as you are. One of the most important factors of your bird’s well-being is his or her diet. Nutritional deficiencies and imbalances are linked to increased susceptibility to diseases, fertility problems, decreased life span, and lack of energy and vitality.

In the end, it’s your responsibly to control what your bird eats. That’s why you need to know how to maintain a balanced avian diet. It’s actually quite similar to managing your own diet!

Avian nutrition

Here are the most important nutrients to include in a caged bird’s diet:

  • Water: Dehydration is a condition that can cause serious problems. Lack of water impacts metabolism, digestion and excretion. Make sure your bird has access to fresh water at all times.
  • Vitamins and minerals: Strong bones and proper eggshell development are supported by getting the proper vitamins and minerals. Vary your bird’s diet to include pellets, seeds, fruits, and vegetables.
  • Protein: Many health problems stem from low protein levels, including anemia and feather abnormalities. Certain pellets are fortified with protein to support avian health.
  • Carbohydrates and fiber: Carbs are the ideal energy source for your bird. However, too many carbohydrates can cause your bird to gain weight. Fiber is a carbohydrate variety that's essential for a healthy digestive tract. Feed your bird fruits, vegetables, pellets, and nuts to make sure he or she gets enough carbs and fiber. Treat dispensers are a great way to keep your bird mentally engaged while adding healthy snacks to his diet.
  • Fats: Another essential energy source, fats promote healthy skin and feathers as well as the absorption of vitamins A, D, E, and K. Of course, too much fat can cause obesity and malnutrition. Look for healthy fat in sunflower or safflower seeds, but only give these to your bird as an occasional treat.